Volume 4 : Issue 4, December 2014

Table of Content, 25 Dec 2014

Research Title/
Graphical Abstract

Article Information /



Preliminary Investigation on Phytochemical Composition and Anti-bacterial Activity of the Root of Cousinia microcarpa Boiss

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Original Research, D31

Amiri MS, Hosseini HA, Rajai P.

Asian J. Med. Pharm. Res., 4(4): 156-159, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Tribes in the Hezarmasjed protected area of Iran used Cousinia microcarpa Boiss. root for the treatment of various disorders like respiratory problems, pulmonary infections, remedy of wounds, mouth ulcers, treatment of toothache, joints pain and rheumatism as a folk medicine. This investigation was conducted to authenticate some aspects of this conventional application scientifically. Cousinia microcarpa Boiss. roots were screened phytochemically for the presence of secondary metabolites by using standard methods. The antibacterial activities of the different extracts was also investigated against two Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacterial strains through disc diffusion assay. The phytochemical analysis of extracts of the roots with different solvents such as methanol, ethanol, chloroform and distilled water demonstrate the presence of active components like tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids etc. All the extracts were found to possess different degrees of antibacterial activity except distilled water extract. Our results indicated that Gram-positive bacteria are more sensitive than the Gram-negative bacteria. Among the microbial strains evaluated Staphylococcus aureus was found to be the most susceptible, based on the results demonstrated from the inhibition zones. The findings of this paper confirmed potential antibacterial activities of the plant's root. Thus, Cousinia microcarpa Boiss. root can be considered as a candidate for new antibacterial drugs due to its extensive spectrum activity. Further surveys are required to estimate its safety and toxicity.
Key words: Cousinia microcarpa, Phytochemical analysis, Antibacterial activity, Disc diffusion method.



Study of Predicting Marriage Satisfaction based on Emotional Intelligence, Spiritual Intelligence and Self-Efficiency

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Original Research, D32

Najafi zadeh A and Mirzajan Tabrizi A.

Asian J. Med. Pharm. Res., 4(4): 160-166, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Marriage is background of making family, and has always been considered as the highest social traditions to meet different needs, including generation survival, emotional and physical needs. But, if marriage doesn’t provide suitable conditions to satisfy couple's needs, not only it doesn’t help to mental health, but also results to negative and irreversible effects. This study was performed aiming at investigating the role of emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and self-efficiency in marriage satisfaction. This is a correlation research. A sample of 150 married people was selected through clustered- sampling. To measure research's variables, Enrich marriage satisfaction inventory, Brodbery and Grivez emotional intelligence inventory, King emotional intelligence inventory, and Sherrer self-efficiency inventory were used. The research's findings show that, there is a positive and significant relation between three variables of emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and self-efficiency and marriage satisfaction. Multiple regression analysis showed that, 8 percent of total variance of marriage satisfaction is determined by these variables. The abilities resulted from emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and self-efficiency can increase marriage satisfaction level. So, through couples counseling, we can effectively improve marriage satisfaction.
Key words: Marriage Satisfaction, Emotional Intelligence, Spiritual Intelligence, Self-Efficiency



Maternal Anemia and Prenatal Complications
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Original Research, D33

Kamjoo A, Pormehr-Yabandeh A, Shahi, A Dabiri F.

Asian J. Med. Pharm. Res., 4(4): 167-172, 2014.

ABSTRACT: Severe anemia in mothers is associated with low birth weight, premature delivery, and fetal death. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the relationship between the hemoglobin level and hematocrit of mothers and prenatal complications. Subjects consisted of 1100 pregnant that had referred to Bandar Abbas’ Shariati hospital in 2007 that had a single, viable fetus with cephalic presentation without diabetes mellitus, hydramnios, hemorrhage during pregnancy or delivery, apparent congenital fetal anomalies, pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. Blood tests were performed to measure hemoglobin and hematocrit. Information regarding the mother and newborn and its perinatal complication was gathered via a questionnaire. The effects of hemoglobin level and hematocrit on perinatal complications were estimated using descriptive statistical methods and multiple logistic regressions with a 95% confidence interval and a precision of 2%. The prevalence of low birth weight and prematurity in mothers with hemoglobin levels less than 10.5 g/dl was 8% and 8%, respectively which was higher than those of mothers with hemoglobin levels between 10.5-13 g/dl. The risk of the need for intensive care unit admission in subjects with hematocrit above 40% was 2.34 times more than that of subjects with hematocrit between 34 and 40%. Low hemoglobin level in pregnant mothers increases the risk of low birth weight, premature delivery and low Apgar score in the fetus and a high percentage of hematocrit is associated with an increased risk of intensive care unit admission. Therefore this should be taken into consideration in perinatal care.
Key words: Anemia, Pregnancy, Low Birth Weight, Premature Birth, Intensive Care Unit, Neonatal